Advertisement

Invited Review: Economic consequences of beef cow-calf disease mismanagement: Bovine viral diarrhea virus

      ABSTRACT

      Objective

      This research focuses on the costs associated with adopting a herd health management protocol for eradicating bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDv) from US beef cattle herds.

      Materials and Methods

      Production and market parameters from previous literature, USDA reports, and industry experts were used within a partial budget analysis.

      Results and Discussion

      Potential losses of $54.25/bred cow were found for cow-calf herds that do not have BVDv present (96% of US herds) and a gain of $278.28/bred cow for herds with BVDv present (4% of US herds) when assessed over a 10-yr period, and yearly cash flows were discounted to present dollars.

      Implications and Applications

      The outcomes from this analysis are useful for industry participants and policy makers as baseline incentive levels for cow-calf producers to adopt protocols to eliminate BVDv.

      Key words

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      LITERATURE CITED

        • Avent R.K.
        • Ward C.E.
        • Lalman D.L.
        Market valuation of preconditioning feeder calves. 2004; 36: 173-183
        • Burdine K.H.
        • Maynard L.J.
        • Halich G.S.
        • Lehmkuhler J.
        Changing market dynamics and value-added premiums in southeastern feeder cattle markets. 2014; 30: 354-361
        10.15232/S1080-7446(15)30127-3
        • Dhuyvetter K.C.
        • Bryant A.M.
        • Blasi D.A.
        Case study: Preconditioning beef calves: Are expected premiums sufficient to justify the practice?. 2005; 21: 502-514
        10.15232/S1080-7446(15)31256-0
        • Fulton R.W.
        • Hessman B.E.
        • Johnson B.J.
        • Ridpath J.F.
        • Saliki J.T.
        • Burge L.J.
        • Sjeklocha D.
        • Confer A.W.
        • Funk R.A.
        • Payton M.E.
        Evaluation of diagnostic tests used for detection of bovine viral diarrhea virus and prevalence of subtypes 1a, 1b, and 2a in persistently infected cattle entering a feedlot. 2006; 228: 578-584
        10.2460/javma.228.4.578
        16478438
        • Fulton R.W.
        • Whitley E.M.
        • Johnson B.J.
        • Ridpath J.F.
        • Kapil S.
        • Burge L.J.
        • Cook B.J.
        • Confer A.W.
        Prevalence of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) in persistently infected cattle and BVDV subtypes in affected cattle in beef herds in south central United States. 2009; 73: 283-291
        20046630
        • Grooms D.L.
        • Kaiser L.
        • Walz P.H.
        • Baker J.C.
        Study of cattle persistently infected with bovine viral diarrhea virus that lack detectable virus in serum. 2001; 219: 629-631
        10.2460/javma.2001.219.629
        11549091
        • Hessman B.E.
        • Fulton R.W.
        • Sjeklocha D.B.
        • Murphy T.A.
        • Ridpath J.F.
        • Payton M.E.
        Evaluation of economic effects and the health and performance of the general cattle population after exposure to cattle persistently infected with bovine viral diarrhea virus in a starter feedlot. 2009; 70: 73-85
        10.2460/ajvr.70.1.73
        19119951
        • Ishmael W.
        How much money have you lost to BVD?.
        (Beef Magazine)
        • Johnson K.K.
        • Pendell D.L.
        Market impacts of reducing the prevalence of bovine respiratory disease in United States beef cattle feedlots. 2017; 4: 189
        10.3389/fvets.2017.00189
        29170739
        • Lalman D.
        • Hutson A.
        • Shearhart C.
        • Ward C.
        Preconditioning reduces sickness and death loss in weaned calves. 2005; 83: 21
        • Larson R.L.
        Bovine viral diarrhea virus–associated disease in feedlot cattle. 2015; 31: 367-380
        26210765
        • Larson R.L.
        • Pierce V.L.
        • Grotelueschen D.M.
        • Wittum T.E.
        Economic evaluation of beef cowherd screening for cattle persistently-infected with bovine viral diarrhea virus. 2002; 36: 106-112
      1. LMIC (Livestock Marketing Information Center). 2019. USDA-AMS Livestock Price Data. Accessed Jan. 25, 2019. http://www.lmic.info/tac/spreadsheets/spreadsheets.html

        • Loneragan G.H.
        • Thomson D.U.
        • Montgomery D.L.
        • Mason G.L.
        • Larson R.L.
        Prevalence, outcome, and health consequences associated with persistent infection with bovine viral diarrhea virus in feedlot cattle. 2005; 226: 595-601
        10.2460/javma.2005.226.595
        15742703
        • Macartney J.E.
        • Bateman K.G.
        • Ribble C.S.
        Health performance of feeder calves sold at conventional auctions versus special auctions of vaccinated or conditioned calves in Ontario. 2003; 223: 677-683
        10.2460/javma.2003.223.677
        12959388
        • O’Connor A.M.
        • Reed M.C.
        • Denagamage T.N.
        • Yoon K.J.
        • Sorden S.D.
        • Cooper V.L.
        Prevalence of calves persistently infected with bovine viral diarrhea virus in beef cow-calf herds enrolled in a voluntary screening project. 2007; 230: 1691-1696
        10.2460/javma.230.11.1691
        17542740
        • Pasman E.J.
        • Dijkhuizen A.A.
        • Wentink G.H.
        A state-transition model to simulate the economics of bovine virus diarrhea control. 1994; 20: 269-277
        10.1016/0167-5877(94)90060-4
        • Pinior B.
        • Firth C.L.
        • Richter V.
        • Lebl K.
        • Trauffler M.
        • Dzieciol M.
        • Hutter S.E.
        • Burgstaller J.
        • Obritzhauser W.
        • Winter P.
        • Käsbohrer A.
        A systematic review of financial and economic assessments of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) prevention and mitigation activities worldwide. 2017; 137: 77-92
        10.1016/j.prevetmed.2016.12.014
        28040270
        • Richter V.
        • Lebl K.
        • Baumgartner W.
        • Obritzhauser W.
        • Käsbohrer A.
        • Pinior B.
        A systematic worldwide review of the direct monetary losses in cattle due to bovine viral diarrhoea virus infection. 2017; 220: 80-87
        10.1016/j.tvjl.2017.01.005
        28190502
        • Ridpath J.
        Preventive strategy for BVDV infection in North America. 2012; 60: S41-S49
        22458199
        • Roeber D.L.
        • Speer N.C.
        • Gentry J.G.
        • Tatum J.D.
        • Smith C.D.
        • Whittier J.C.
        • Jones G.F.
        • Belk K.E.
        • Smith G.C.
        Feeder cattle health management: Effects on morbidity rates, feedlot performance, carcass characteristics, and beef palatability. 2001; 17: 39-44
        • Schulz L.L.
        • Dhuyvetter K.C.
        • Doran B.E.
        Factors affecting preconditioned calf price premiums: Does potential buyer competition and seller reputation matter?. 2015; 40: 220-241
        • Smith J.W.
        • Swink W.D.
        Boll weevil eradication: A model for sea lamprey control?. 2003; 29: 445-455
        • Smith R.L.
        • Sanderson M.W.
        • Jones R.
        • N’Guessan Y.
        • Renter D.
        • Larson R.
        • White B.J.
        Economic risk analysis model for bovine viral diarrhea virus biosecurity in cow-calf herds. 2014; 113: 492-503
        10.1016/j.prevetmed.2013.11.013
        24360189
        • Stokka G.L.
        • Falkner R.
        • Bierman P.
        • Boening J.V.
        Bovine Virus Diarrhea.
        in: January (49). Kansas State Univ. Agric. Exp. Stn. Coop. Ext. Serv, Manhattan2000
        • Stott A.W.
        • Gunn G.J.
        Use of a benefit function to assess the relative investment potential of alternative farm animal disease prevention strategies. 2008; 84: 179-193
        10.1016/j.prevetmed.2007.12.001
        18243379
        • USDA-AMS
        Oklahoma National Stockyards, OKC, OK, Cow and Bull Auction Report.
        in: KO_LS151 (various dates). USDA-Agric. Market. Serv, Washington, DC2019
        • USDA-AMS
        Oklahoma National Stockyards, OKC, OK, Feeder Cattle Summary Report.
        in: KO_LS795 (various dates). USDA-Agric. Market. Serv, Washington, DC2019
      2. USDA APHIS (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service). 2007. Info Sheet: Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus. Vet. Serv., Centers Epidemiol. Anim. Health, Dec. 2007. Accessed Apr. 11, 2017, and Jan. 3, 2019. https://www.aphis.usda.gov/animal_health/emergingissues/downloads/bvdinfosheet.pdf.

        • USDA-NAHMS
        Beef 2007–08, Part II: Reference of Beef Cow-Calf Management Practices in the United States, 2007–08. February.
        USDA, Nat. Anim. Health Monit. Syst., Washington, DC2009: 2009
        • USDL (US Department of Labor)
        Consumer price indexes.
        in: Bureau Labor Stat. US Dept. Labor, Washington,DC2018
        • Weldegebriel H.T.
        • Stott A.W.
        • Gunn G.J.
        Evaluation of producer and consumer benefits resulting from eradication of bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) in Scotland, United Kingdom. 2009; 88: 49-56
        10.1016/j.prevetmed.2008.07.001
        18937987
        • Williams G.S.
        • Raper K.C.
        • DeVuyst E.A.
        • Peel D.
        • McKinney D.
        Determinants of price differentials in Oklahoma value-added feeder cattle auctions. 2012; 37: 114-127
        • Wittum T.E.
        • Grotelueschen D.M.
        • Brock K.V.
        • Kvasnicka W.G.
        • Floyd J.G.
        • Kelling C.L.
        • Odde K.G.
        Persistent bovine viral diarrhea virus infection in US beef herds. 2001; 49: 83-94
        10.1016/S0167-5877(01)00181-7
        11267691
        • Zimmerman L.C.
        • Schroeder T.C.
        • Dhuyvetter K.C.
        • Olson K.C.
        • Stokka G.L.
        • Seeger J.T.
        • Grotelueschen D.M.
        The effect of value-added management on calf prices at superior livestock auction video markets. 2012; 37: 128-143